The South China Sea (SCS) is home to a variety of fish species of important ecological and economic values. Each fish species has its preferred physical-biochemical habitat conditions, i.e., a preference to certain range of temperature, salinity, depth, pH, oxygen concentration, and the prey abundance. A knowledge of the environmental preferences of the fish species is thus essential to understand their present habitat occupations and to predict how individual species may perform under changing environmental conditions in the context of ongoing global climate change.
The objectives of this project are twofold: (1) to conduct a comprehensive literature survey to identify the preferred physical-biochemical conditions of the major economic fish species in the SCS; (2) to investigate the past and present as well as predict the future habitat shifts of the major fish species in response to the changes of environmental conditions in the SCS based on the reported environmental preferences in literature and physical-biochemical model data from a SCS ecosystem model.
i) Conduct literature review of reported temperature, salinity, depth, pH, oxygen, and prey preferences and thresholds of the major economic fish specifies in the South China Sea.
ii) Compile the reported data to identify the key physical-biochemical parameters for each individual fish species.
iii) Perform basic statistical data analysis to examine the state and trend of the key physical-biochemical conditions in the SCS that are essential to the identified fish species.
i) Ability to perform literature review cantering a key scientific question.
ii) Acquire useful mathematical and coding skills in data analysis.
iii) Acquire fundamental knowledge of how interactions of physical and biochemical conditions shape the habitat occupations of different fish species.