Advanced Catalysts for Water Splitting and Hydrogen Production
Hydrogen (H2), as an ideal energy carrier, is proposed to be a major energy resource for the future. Hydrogen has been mainly produced from natural gas via steam methane reforming (i.e., the reaction of methane and water to form hydrogen and carbon dioxide). Therefore, hydrogen manufacturing currently has a large greenhouse-gas footprint. On the other hand, production of hydrogen from water splitting can be renewable and environmentally friendly. Currently, the most effective catalyst for the hydrogen production from water splitting is platinum. The high cost and shortage of platinum reserve prohibit its commercial application. This project aims to reduce the cost of hydrogen production by developing cheaper and more active catalysts for water splitting.
Safety training is required.
The students will review the literature and understand current status of water splitting reaction; design and synthesize novel nanomaterials for water splitting; characterize the morphology and evaluate activity of these catalysts; present results and write reports. Candidates with lab experiences preferred.
Applicant's Learning Objectives:
-Literature review, report writing and presentation skills development.
-Communication and team work development.
-Lab skill development.